Wednesday, 31 May 2017

The Seals of the Seven Kings of the Air

We  know the names of the Seven Kings of the Aerial Spirits mainly from the Heptameron and other closely related material (such as the Munich Handbook or the Liber Juratus) but I have never encountered their seals before. 

The Ghent Manuscript has one particular figure that contains them, and it is quite similar to another figure, somewhat incomplete, from one of the Leipzig Manuscripts.

Figure from the Ghent Manuscript (Fol. 109v)


The seals and the inner writing is red, the planetary atributions and names are in black. 

Figure from Leipzig Cod.Mag. 57, ”Salomonis Trismosini Cabala”

Below i have compiled a chart with the names and added the names of the Kings from the Heptameron for comparison


Planet
GM
LCM
H
1
Solis
Hamarth
-
Varcan
2
Lunae
Maymon
Maynam
Arcan
3
Martis
Samar
Hamar
Samax
4
Mercurij
Barchan
Barchum
Mediat
5
Jovis
Samhuris
Semhuse
Suth
6
Veneris
Saubaa
Sambor
Sarabotes
7
Saturni
Saday
-
Maymon


A few things are quite interesting: 
-In the two diagrams, Maymon/Maynam is ascribed to the Moon, not Saturn, quite close to Al-Maymun, the Jinn King of Saturn.
-Samar/Hamar is close to Samax, but also to Al-Ahmar, the Jinn King of Mars
-Barchan/Barchum is close to Burqan, the Jinn King of Mercury. 
-Samhuris/Semhuse is strikinly silimar to Shamurish, the Jinn king of Thursday, a first match in the Western tradition to this spirit.
-Saubaa/Sambor is very close to Zaubaa, the King of Venus
-Saday is a divine name so... no idea what s doing there

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